Some Possible Observations in an Art Critque
- • Has weight: thin, heavy, bold, delicate, varied etc.
• Has action: dynamic, static, restful
• Has character: straight, curved, organic
• It can construct, render, describe, divide, be implied
• May imply direction or movement, define figures, measure, fill, shade etc.
- 2D, round, rectangular, triangular, square
- • 3D, sphere, cone, cube, cylinder
• Organic/geometric, man made/ from nature
• Basic forms in nature: hexagon, spiral, helix, branching, meandering
• Dimension/scale, large/small, close/distant,
• Weight: heavy, light, mass/volume
• Character: solid/fluid/hollow, simple/complex, delicate/bold, composite/modular, random/programmed, symmetrical/asymmetrical, convex/concave, representational/abstract/symbolic/decorative, nonobjective, distorted, elaborate/efficient
• Action: static, dynamic, rigid
- • Hard, soft, lost, crisp, fuzzy
• Defined by lines, form, value, light, surface
- • Smooth/rough, soft/hard, liquid/solid
• Visual Phenomena
• Does a range exist?
• Is surface important to piece?
- • Flat Space elements, 2 dimensional space
Space division, where & how is it divided?
Vertical, horizontal, curved
Balance, center of interest,
Figure/ground relationships, surfaces,
Unity & variety
Created tension, primary point, position
One focus attracts attention
Two focal areas create tension
Three foci create closed form between them
• 3 dimensional space
Includes flat space elements
Illusion of depth/distance enhanced by:
Light & shade
Linear perspective: 1, 2 or 3 point perspective
Aerial perspective/atmosphere, volume color
Overlapping: closer form hides part of distant form
Size: closer objects are larger
Position on page: lower appear closer
Distinct edges become more diffuse in distance
Weight of line heavier in foreground
Foreground, mid-ground, background evident
Value contrast & chroma are higher in foreground
Shallow focus, deep focus
• Plane versus recessional composition
Plane has horizontal lines, as if on a stage
Blocks or holds back the viewer
Recessional has diagonal tension
2 point perspective at least
Movement into 3D space required
Invites to viewer into the space
• Movement in space
In & out of shapes/areas/form/color/value/lost edge/
- • Primaries, secondary, tertiary, complements
• Hue, saturation, gradation, value
• Tints, Tones, Shades
• Range, Key, Intensity, Chroma
• Visual Phenomena/Color interaction
Halation, Vanishing Boundaries, Luminosity
Relative hue, Color deception
Local color, color constancy
Complements, vibrating boundaries
• Unity, predictability, design, balance, focus,
• Unique color combinations
- • Range, key, distribution, focus
- • Light & shadow must treat all things equally, that is how it creates unity in a composition.
• Light & Shadow must be consistent in the following:
Source: nothing can be lighter that the light source
Position/direction must be established and held to.
Intensity must be consistent.
Color must be consistent.
• Visual Phenomena and illusion
White light and shadow
Colored light and colored shadow
Aesthetics, unification, integration, relates, constancy
Illumination, focus attention, definition, modification
Form, value & color are observed only in the presence of light.
Light defines form & dictates value and color.